Citizen activism and political developments in the transformation of the digital public sphere in Spain: From the “Pass it on!” SMS to Podemos

Víctor Sampedro Blanco, Eloísa Nos Aldás, Alessandra Farné

Resumen


This paper discusses digital communication, activism and political system in Spain from a critical-historical perspective. The results of combined empirical and analytical research indicate that a critical digital public sphere emerged in 2004 affecting the evolution of the political sphere to this day. Traditional parties had a slow and instrumental approach to the digital realm. Conversely, cyber-activism unfolded new options of political action, both in the short and long term, transforming the bipartisan system.


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